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智科眼: 双语看懂新科研
太空探索 31
Fifty(五十) years() after(after) Neil(尼尔·) Armstrong(阿姆斯特朗) and() Buzz(巴兹) Aldrin(奥尔德林) walked(行走) on(on) the moon(月球),(,) some(有些) people() insist(坚持) it() never(从未) happened(发生) and() was() all(all) a(a) big() hoax(骗局) by(by) the U(U) .(.) S.(S.) government(政府).(.)
The suspicions(怀疑) arose(出现了) even(即使) as(as) the lunar() landing() was(was) taking place(进行) in(in) 1969,(1969,) said() Roger(罗杰) Launius(劳努斯),(,) NASA's(NASA's) former() chief(首席) historian(历史学家).(.) Soon(不久),(,) conspiracy(阴谋) theories(理论) that(that) said() it() was() an(an) elaborate(精心制作),(,) Hollywood(好莱坞)-()style(风格) production(作品) created(创作) on(on) a(a) soundstage(声场) on(on) Earth(地球) started(开始) to(to) take(take) root().(.)
The notion(概念) is() treated() mostly(主要) as(as) a(一个) punchline(妙语),(,) as(as) in(in) a(a) new() commercial(商业) for(for) Red() Bull().(.) But() public opinion polls(民意调查) over(over) the years(多年来) have(have) consistently(一致) shown(显示) roughly(大约) 5%(5%) to(to) 6%(6%) of(of) Americans(美国人) believe(认为) the moon() landing() was() faked(伪造),(,) Launius(Launius) said().(.)
Aldrin(奥尔德林) once(once) ran(遇到) into(into) one(one) of(of) those(在这) people() in(in) 2002(2002) and() punched() him() in(in) the face() after(之后) the man(男子) called() the former() astronaut(宇航员) a(a) liar(一拳).(.)
Here(以下)'s('s) a(a) look(寻找) at(at) some(一些) of(of) the most() common(常见) claims(声明) and(以及) how(如何) they(它们)'re('re) explained(解释) away(away):(:)
CLAIM:(CLAIM:) The American(美国) flag() in(in) photos(照片) from(from) the moon(月亮) looks(看起来) as(as) if(如果) it's(it's) flapping(拍打) in(in) the wind().(.) That(That) would(would) be(be) impossible(不可能),(,) since(因为) there()'s('s) no(no) air(空气) on(on) the moon(月球).(.)
THE FACTS:(FACTS:) Rather than(而不) let() the flag() droop(下垂),(,) NASA(美国国家航空航天局) decided(决定) to(to) use(使用) a(a) right-angled(直角) rod() to(to) keep(保持) it() spread(展开) out(out),(,) according to(根据) Launius(劳努).(.) Armstrong(阿姆斯特朗) and() Aldrin(奥尔德林) accidentally(意外地) bent(弯曲) the rod() a(a) little() bit(),(,) making(making) it(it) look() as(as) if(如果) the flag() was(was) in(in) motion(运动).(.) They(它们) were(were) also() worried(担心) that(that) the flagpole(旗杆) was(was) going() to(to) fall() down(down) after(after) they(他们) had(had) twisted(扭曲) it() into(into) the ground(地面),(,) so(所以) they(他们) quickly(很快) snapped(拍下) the photos(照片),(,) capturing(抓住) the flag(旗帜) while(while) it(it) was(was) still() moving(移动),(,) Launius(Launius) said().(.)
_(_)
CLAIM:(CLAIM:) No(没有) stars(明星) show(显示) up() in(in) the background(背景) of(of) any(任何) photographs(照片) because(因为) NASA(NASA) knew(知道) astronomers(天文学家) would(would) be(be) able(能够) to(to) use() them(它们) to(to) determine(确定) whether(whether) the pictures(照片) were() taken(拍摄) on(on) Earth(地球) or(or) the moon(月球).(.)
THE FACTS:(FACTS:) The shutter(快门) speeds(速度) on(on) the astronauts(宇航员)'(') cameras(相机) were(were) too() fast() to(to) capture(捕捉) the faint(微弱) light(光线) of(of) the stars(星星),(,) astronomer(天文学家) Emily(Emily) Drabek(Drabek)-()Maunder(胡说) at(at) the Royal(皇家) Observatory(天文台) Greenwich(格林威治) in(in) London(伦敦) said(表示).(.) NASA(航空航天局) used(使用) high(高速) shutter(快门) speeds(速度) to(to) make sure(确保) the pictures(照片) weren(weren)'t('t) overexposed(曝光过度) from(from) the bright(明亮) light() on(on) the moon(月亮).(.)
_(_)
CLAIM:(CLAIM:) When(When) the lunar(月球) module(模块) descended(下降) onto(onto) the moon(月球)'s('s) surface(表面),(,) it() didn(没有)'t('t) scatter(散射) any(任何) dust(灰尘) and() didn(也没有)'t('t) leave(留下) a(一个) crater(火山口) from() the rocket(火箭) blast(爆炸) that() slowed(减缓) its(its) descent(下降).(.)
THE FACTS:(FACTS:) In(In) landing(登陆) on(on) the moon(月球),(,) the astronauts(宇航员) were() traveling() horizontally(水平) for(for) a(a) while(while),(,) so(所以) the thrusters(推进器) weren(没有)'t('t) pointed(指出) down(向下) and() wouldn()'t('t) have(have) kicked(踢出) up(up) any(任何) dust(灰尘),(,) Drabek(Drabek)-()Maunder(胡说) said().(.) But(但是) when(when) the module(模块) finally(最终) did(确实) touch(触及) down(down),(,) "(")you() can(可以) see(看到) dust(灰尘) actually(实际) being() thrown() up."(up.")
As(因为) for(for) the lack(缺少) of(of) a(一个) crater(陨石坑),(,) Launius(Launius) said() the astronauts(宇航员) didn(didn)'t('t) need(需要) to(to) use(使用) a(a) large(大型) blast(爆炸) to(to) slow() themselves(自己) down(down),(,) because(因为) the moon(月球)'s('s) gravity(引力) is() roughly(大约) one(一次)-()sixth(六分之一) that(that) of(of) Earth(地球)'s.('s.) "It("It) was() more() of(of) a(a) gentle(平缓) landing(降落),"(,") he() said().(.)
_(_)
CLAIM:(CLAIM:) The angle(角度) and() colors(颜色) of(of) the shadows(阴影) in(in) photographs(照片) from(from) the moon(月球) are(are) inconsistent(不一致),(,) suggesting(表明) artificial(人造) lights() were(were) used(用于) to(to) illuminate(照亮) a(a) set().(.)
THE FACTS:(FACTS:) The many(许多) bumps(颠簸),(,) craters(陨石坑) and() hills(丘陵) on(on) the moon(月球),(,) along(along) with(with) the various(各种) light sources(光源) that(that) illuminate(照亮) it—(it—)light() directly(直接) from() the sun(太阳),(,) light() reflected(反射) off(off) the moon(月球)'s('s) surface(表面) and() light() reflected(反射) off(off) the Earth(地球)()cause(导致) what(what) look like(看起来像) distortions(扭曲) and() inconsistencies(不一致),(,) Launius(Launius) and() Drabek(Drabek)-()Maunder(胡说) said().(.) Also(),(,) the astronauts(宇航员)'(') cameras(摄像头) had(had) wide-angle lenses(广角镜头) that(that) can(可以) distort(扭曲) objects(物体).(.)
_(_)
CLAIM:(CLAIM:) Armstrong(阿姆斯特朗) and() the lunar(月球) module(模块) are() seen(看到) reflected(反映) in(in) Aldrin(奥尔德林)'s('s) helmet(头盔) visor(遮阳) in(in) an(an) iconic(标志性) photo(照片) of(of) Aldrin(奥德林) in(in) his(他的) spacesuit(太空服) on(on) the moon(月球).(.) But() there()'s('s) no(no) sign(迹象) that(that) either(either) astronaut(宇航员) is(is) holding(拿着) a(a) camera(相机).(.) So(So) who() took(took) the picture(照片)?(?)
THE FACTS:(FACTS:) The astronauts(宇航员)'(') cameras(相机) were(were) mounted(安装) on(on) their(他们) chests(箱子),(,) Drabek(Drabek)-()Maunder(胡说) said().(.) As(As) a(a) result(结果),(,) Armstrong(阿姆斯特朗) did(did) not(没有) have to(不得不) hold(抓住) his(他的) up(up) to(to) his(他的) eye(眼睛).(.) His(他的) hands(),(,) in fact(事实上),(,) appear(似乎) to(to) be(be) near(靠近) his(他的) chest(胸部) in(in) that() picture(照片).(.)

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