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智科眼: 双语看懂新科研
其他 163
A(一项) study(研究) out of(out of) Indiana(印第安纳) and() Purdue(普渡) Universities(大学) sought(试图) to(to) gain(获得) a(a) better(更好地) understanding(了解),(,) from() the perspective(角度) of(of) farmers(农民),(,) of(of) the challenges(挑战) and() advantageous(有利) opportunities(机会) associated(相关) with(with) using(使用) high() tunnels(隧道) for(for) specialty(特种) crops(作物) in(in) Indiana(印第安纳).(.)
Analena(Analena) Bruce(布鲁斯) ((()Indiana(印第安纳) University(大学)),(),) Elizabeth(伊丽莎白) Maynard(梅纳德) ((()Purdue(普渡) University(大学)),(),) and() James(詹姆斯) Farmer(农民) ((()Indiana(印第安纳) University(大学))()) researched(研究) the application(应用) of(of) this(这一) season(季节)-()expanding(扩展) growing() technique(技术) in order to(为了) provide(提供) an(an) in-(in-)depth(深入) understanding(了解) of(of) farm(农场)-()level(层面) challenges(挑战) associated(相关) with(with) high() tunnel(隧道) adoption(采用) and() usage(用法).(.) Their(他们) results(结果) are(are) detailed(详细) in(in) the article(文章),(,) "(")Farmers(农民)'(') Perspectives(观点) on(on) Challenges(挑战) and() Opportunities(机遇) Associated(相关) with(with) Using(使用) High() Tunnels(隧道) for(for) Specialty(特殊) Crops(作物),"(,") published(发表) in(in) HortTechnology.(HortTechnology.)
High() tunnels(隧道) are() essentially(基本) unheated(未加热) greenhouses(温室) that(that) can(可以) help(帮助) farmers(农民) extend(延长) the growing season(生长季节) so(so) that(that) they(它们) can(能够) improve(提高) profitability(盈利能力) and() productivity(生产力) of(of) their(它们) farms(农场).(.) They(它们) provide(提供) protection(抵御) from(from) extreme(极端) weather(天气) such(such) as() high winds(大风),(,) heavy() rain(),(,) hail(冰雹),(,) snow() and() drought(干旱).(.)
Unlike(不同) greenhouses(温室),(,) high() tunnels(隧道) are() simple structures(简单结构) over(over) bare(裸露) ground(地面) and its(及其) natural(天然) soil(土壤).(.) They(它们) function(作用) without(没有) elaborate(复杂) heating(加热) or() cooling(冷却) systems(系统) and(并且) are() generally(通常) basic(基本) frames(框架) set(设置) into(into) the ground(地面) and(并且) covered(覆盖) with(with) one(one) or() two(two) layers(一层) of(of) greenhouse(温室)-()grade() plastic(塑料).(.)
High() tunnels(隧道) are() an(an) increasingly(越来越) popular(受欢迎) part(部分) of(of) the infrastructure(基础设施) among(among) small() and() diversified(多样化) farms(农场) that(that) market(销售) their(它们) products(产品) directly(直接) to(to) consumers(消费者).(.) In addition to(除了) extending(延长) the growing season(生长季节),(,) research(研究) has(has) strongly(强烈) indicated(表明) that(that) high(高产) tunnels(隧道) can(可以) increase(提高) yield(),(,) enhance(增强) shelf life(货架期),(,) and() improve(改善) the quality(质量) of(of) crops(作物) grown(生长).(.)
Initial(初步) observations(观察) into(into) the use(使用) of(of) high() tunnels(隧道) revealed(表明) that(that) the additional(额外) labor(劳动力) and() time(时间) requirements(要求) of(of) high() tunnel(隧道) production(生产),(,) the increased(增加) complexity(复杂性) of(of) transforming(转变) farming(耕作) habits(习惯) to(to) high() tunnel(隧道) usage(使用),(,) soil fertility(土壤肥力) and() management(管理) considerations(考虑),(,) disease(疾病) management(管理),(,) and(以及) limited(有限) winter(冬季) markets(市场) all() comprise(包括) the greatest(最大) challenges(挑战) facing(面临) farmers(农民) adopting(采用) this(这种) technique(技术).(.)
The ability(能力) to(to) differentiate(区分) their(他们) products(产品) based(根据) on(on) higher(更高) quality(质量) and() longer(更长) shelf life(货架期),(,) the ability(能力) to(to) obtain(获得) a(a) premium(优质) price(),(,) the ability(能力) to(to) maintain(保持) a(a) source(来源) of(of) income(收入) during(during) the off-season(淡季),(,) and(以及) the ability() to(to) produce(生产) complementary(补充) crops(作物) have() been() revealed(揭示) as(as) the most() attractive(吸引力) advantageous(有利) opportunities(机会) for(for) using(使用) high() tunnels(隧道) in(in) farming(农业).(.)
The global(全球) production(生产) of(of) specialty(特种) crops(作物),(,) such as(例如) high()-()value(价值) vegetables(蔬菜),(,) has(has) been(been) transformed(改变) by(通过) the use(使用) of(of) high() tunnels(隧道) to(to) temper(回火) the effects(影响) of(of) extreme(极端) weather(天气) events(事件) and() climate(气候条件) conditions(情况),(,) and() allow(允许) for(for) extended(延长) growing(生长) seasons(季节).(.)
This(这项) study(研究) presents(提供) findings(结果) from(from) qualitative(定性) research(研究) that() was(was) designed(旨在) as(as) a(a) follow(遵循)-up(-up) to(to) a(a) survey(调查) of(of) farmers(农民) using(使用) high() tunnels(隧道) across(across) Indiana(印第安纳).(.) A(A) qualitative(定性) approach(方法) was() ideal(理想) for(for) this(这项) study(研究) because(因为) it() provided(提供了) a(a) richer(更丰富) picture(图片) of(of) farmers(农民)'(') experiences(经验) with(with) high() tunnels(隧道) and() a(a) better(更好地) understanding(了解) of(of) the specific(具体) challenges(挑战) and() opportunities(机遇) alluded(提到) to(to) earlier(早先).(.)
One(一个) of(of) the more() commonly() mentioned(提到) challenges(挑战) described(描述) by(by) participating(参与) farmers(农民) was() the added(添加) difficulty() with(with) keeping() up() with(with) the time(时间) and() labor(人力) required() to(to) manage(管理) their(它们) high() tunnels(隧道).(.) The researchers(研究人员) determined(确定) that(that) one(一个) reason(原因) why(为什么) high() tunnel(隧道) crops(作物) are() more() labor(劳动)-()intensive(密集) for(for) farmers(农民) is(is) because(因为) high() tunnel(隧道) planting(种植) and(并且) harvesting(采伐) schedules(时间表) are(are) substantially() different(不同) from(from) what(what) farmers(农民) are(are) familiar(熟悉) with(with) and() require(需要) schedules(时间表) that(that) are(are) separate(分开) from(from) those(那些) of(of) their(它们) vegetable crops(蔬菜作物) growing(生长) in(in) the uncovered(揭示) portions(部分) of(of) their(它们) fields(领域).(.)
The article(文章) showcases(展示) in-(in-)depth(深入) interviews(访谈) for(for) this() effort(项工作) that(that) allow(便) for(for) the reporting(报告) of(of) specific(具体) examples(示例) that(that) illustrate(说明) the experiences(经验) of(of) farmers(农民) with(with) high() tunnels(隧道).(.) These(这些) specific(具体) examples(例子) prove(证明) to(to) be(be) very(非常) valuable(有价值) for(for) developing(发展) an(an) understanding(了解) of(of) the issues(问题) and() how(如何) they(它们) can() be(be) addressed(解决) in(in) the best(最佳) way(方式).(.) Furthermore(此外),(,) these(这些) examples(例子) combined(结合) with(with) the results(结果) of(of) surveys(调查) and() quantitative(定量) research(研究) will() enable(使能够) more() rapid() improvements(改进) in(in) high() tunnel(隧道) production(生产) systems(系统) through(通过) research(研究),(,) improvements(改进) in(in) technology(技术),(,) and() education(教育).(.)

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