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智科眼: 双语看懂新世界
纳米材料 1074
Researchers(研究人员) at(at) Chalmers(Chalmers) University(大学) of(of) Technology(理工),(,) Sweden(瑞典),(,) have(have) discovered(发现) a(一种) completely(完全) new(新的) way(方法) of(of) capturing(捕获),(,) amplifying(放大) and() linking(连接) light() to(to) matter(物质) at(at) the nano(纳米) level().(.) Using(使用) a(一种) tiny() box(盒子),(,) built(制成) from(from) stacked(堆叠) atomically(原子级) thin() material(材料),(,) they(他们) have(have) succeeded(成功) in(in) creating(创造) a(a) type(类型) of(of) feedback(反馈) loop(回路) in(in) which(which) light() and() matter(物质) become one(成为一体).(.) The discovery(发现),(,) which(which) was(was) recently(最近) published(发表) in(in) Nature(本质) Nanotechnology(纳米),(,) opens up(开辟) new(新的) possibilities(可能性) in(in) the world(世界) of(of) nanophotonics(光子).(.)
Photonics(光子学) is(is) concerned(关注) with(with) various(各种) means(方法) of(of) using(使用) light().(.) Fibre(光纤)-()optic() communication(通信) is() an(一个) example(例子) of(of) photonics(光子学),(,) as() is() the technology(技术) behind(背后) photodetectors(光电探测器) and() solar cells(太阳能电池).(.) When(When) the photonic(光子) components(元件) are(are) so(so) small() that(that) they(它们) are(are) measured(测量) in(in) nanometres(纳米),(,) this() is(is) called(称为) nanophotonics(纳米光子学).(.) In order to(为了) push(突破) the boundaries(边界) of(of) what(what) is(is) possible(可能) in(in) this(这种) tiny() format(格式),(,) progress(进展) in(in) fundamental research(基础研究) is(is) crucial(至关重要).(.) The innovative(创新) "(")light() box()"(") of(of) the Chalmers(Chalmers) researchers(研究人员) makes(使得) the alternations(交替) between(between) light() and() matter(物质) take() place(发生) so(如此) rapidly() that(that) it() is(is) no() longer() possible(可能) to(to) distinguish(区分) between(between) the two(两种) states(状态).(.) Light() and() matter(物质) become one(成为一体).(.)
"We("We) have(have) created(创造) a(一种) hybrid(混合) consisting(组成) of(of) equal() parts(部分) of(of) light() and() matter(物质).(.) The concept(概念) opens() completely(完全) new(新的) doors(大门) in(in) both(both) fundamental research(基础研究) and() applied(应用) nanophotonics(纳米光子学) and() there() is(is) a(a) great() deal(处理) of(of) scientific(科学) interest(兴趣) in(in) this(这一),"(,") says() Ruggero(Ruggero) Verre(VERRE),(,) a(a) researcher(研究员) in(in) the Department() of(of) Physics(物理) at(at) Chalmers(查尔) and() one(之一) of(of) the authors(作者) of(of) the scientific(科学) article(文章).(.)
The discovery(发现) came(来了) about(about) when(when) Verre(VERRE) and() his() departmental(部门) colleagues(同事) Timur(帖木儿) Shegai(Shegai),(,) Denis(Denis) Baranov(Baranov),(,) Battulga(Battulga) Munkhbat(Munkhbat) and() Mikael(Mikael) Käll(Käll) combined(结合) two(两个) different(不同) concepts(概念) in(in) an(an) innovative(创新) way(方式).(.) Mikael(Mikael) Käll's(Käll's) research(研究) team(团队) is(is) working on(正在研究) what(what) are(are) known as(被称为) nanoantennas(纳米天线),(,) which(which) can(可以) capture(捕获) and() amplify(放大) light() in(in) the most() efficient(有效) way(方式).(.) Timur(帖木儿) Shegai(Shegai)'s('s) team(团队) is(is) conducting() research(研究) into(into) a(a) certain(某种) type(类型) of(of) atomically(原子级) thin() two-dimensional(二维) material(材料) known() as(as) TMDC(TMDC) material(材料),(,) which(which) resembles(类似) graphene(石墨烯).(.) It() was(was) by(通过) combining(相结合) the antenna(天线) concept(概念) with(with) stacked(堆叠) two-dimensional(二维) material(材料) that(that) the new(新的) possibilities(可能性) were(were) created(创造).(.)
The researchers(研究人员) used(使用) a(一种) well(well)-()known() TMDC(TMDC) material(材料)()tungsten disulphide(二硫化钨)()but(但是) in(in) a(一种) new(新的) way(方式).(.) By(通过) creating(创建) a(一个) tiny() resonance(共鸣) box()()much(much) like(一样) the sound() box() on(on) a(a) guitar(吉他)()they(它们) were(were) able(能够) to(to) make(使) the light(光线) and() matter(物质) interact(相互作用) inside(内部) it.(it.) The resonance(谐振) box() ensures(确保) that(that) the light(光能) is() captured(捕获) and() bounces(反弹) round(圆形) in(in) a(a) certain() "(")tone(色调)"(") inside(内部) the material(材料),(,) thus(从而) ensuring(确保) that(that) the light energy(光能) can(可以) be(be) efficiently(有效地) transferred(传递) to(to) the electrons(电子) of(of) the TMDC(TMDC) material(材料) and() back() again(再次).(.) It() could(可以) be() said() that(that) the light energy(光能) oscillates(振荡) between(between) the two(两种) states(状态)()light waves(光波) and() matter(物质)()while(同时) it() is(is) captured(捕获) and() amplified(放大) inside() the box(盒子).(.) The researchers(研究人员) have() succeeded(成功) in(in) combining(结合) light() and() matter(物质) extremely(非常) efficiently(有效) in(in) a(一个) single(单一) particle(颗粒) with(with) a(a) diameter(直径) of(of) only() 100(100) nanometres(纳米),(,) or() 0.00001(0.00001) centimetres(厘米).(.)
This(这种) all(all)-in-(-in-)one(one) solution(解决方案) is() an(an) unexpected(意想不到) advance(进步) in(in) fundamental research(基础研究),(,) but() can(能够) hopefully(有望) also() contribute(贡献) to(to) more() compact(紧凑) and() cost(成本)-()effective(效益) solutions(解决方案) in(in) applied(应用) photonics(光子学).(.)
"We("We) have(have) succeeded(成功) in(in) demonstrating(证明) that(that) stacked(堆叠) atomically(原子级) thin() materials(材料) can(可以) be(be) nanostructured(纳米) into(into) tiny() optical() resonators(谐振器),(,) which(which) is(is) of(of) great(重要) interest(兴趣) for(for) photonics(光子学) applications(应用).(.) Since(由于) this(这种) is() a(一种) new() way(方法) of(of) using(使用) the material(材料),(,) we(我们) are(are) calling() this(这个) 'TMDC('TMDC) nanophotonics(纳米光子学).'(.') I(I) am() certain() that() this() research field(研究领域) has(has) a(a) bright(光明) future(前景),"(,") says() Timur(帖木儿) Shegai(Shegai),(,) associate professor(副教授) in(in) the Department() of(of) Physics(物理) at(at) Chalmers(查尔) and() one(之一) of(of) the authors(作者) of(of) the article(文章).(.)

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