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智科眼: 双语看懂新世界
A(A) new(新型) 3-D(3-D) printed(印刷) thermoelectric device(热电器件),(,) which(which) converts() heat(热量) into() electric power(电力) with(with) an(an) efficiency factor(效率因子) over() 50%(50%) higher() than(than) the previous() best(最好) for(for) printed(印刷) materials(材料)()and() is(is) cheap(低廉) to(to) produce(生产) in(in) bulk(散装)()has(has) been(been) manufactured(制造) by() researchers(研究人员) at(at) Swansea(斯旺西) University(大学)'s('s) SPECIFIC() Innovation(创新) and() Knowledge(知识) Centre(中心).(.)
Around() one(之一)-()sixth() of(of) all() the energy used(能源利用) by(by) industry(工业) in(in) the UK(英国) currently(目前) ends(末端) up(up) as(as) waste heat(废热),(,) emitted(排放) into() the atmosphere(大气).(.) Harnessing(利用) this(这一) to(to) create(创造) electricity(电力) could(可能) be(be) a(a) huge(巨大) step(一步) forward(向前) in(in) helping(帮助) industry(工业) cut() its(its) energy(能源) bills() and() reduce(减少) its(its) carbon() footprint(足迹).(.)
Thermoelectric materials(热电材料) turn() differences(差异) in(in) temperature(温度) into() electric power(电力),(,) or(or) vice versa(反过来也是一样地).(.) They(它们) are(are) used(用于) in(in) fridges(冰箱),(,) power plants(动力装置) and(and) even(甚至) some(一些) smart(智能) watches(手表) that(that) are(are) powered(驱动) by() body heat(体热).(.)
Previous(先前) research(研究) has(has) shown(表明) that(that) a(a) material(材料) called(称为) tin() selenide(硒化物) (SnSe),((SnSe),) a(a) compound(化合物) made() up(up) of(of) tin() (Sn)((Sn)) and() selenium() (Se),((Se),) has(has) high potential(高电位) as() a(a) thermoelectric material(热电材料).(.) The problem(问题) is(is) that(that) the methods(方法) used(用于) to(to) manufacture(制造) it() require(需要) lots(大量) of(of) energy(能量) and(and) are(are) therefore(因此) expensive(昂贵).(.)
This() is(is) where(where) the Swansea(斯旺西) researchers(研究人员)'(') work(工作) comes() in.(in.) The technique(技术) they(他们) have(have) developed(开发) is(is) potentially(可能) very(非常) low-cost(低成本) for(for) industry(工业) because(因为) it() enables(使得) SnSe(SnSe) thermoelectric generators(温差发电器) to(to) be(be) produced(生产) quickly(快速) and() easily(容易地) in(in) large(大量) quantities(数量).(.)
The team(团队) formulated(配制) tin() selenide(硒化) into() a(a) type() of(of) ink(油墨) which(which) they() could(可以) print(印刷) to(to) test(测试) its(its) properties(性能).(.) The next step(下一步) was(was) to(to) develop(开发) a(a) type() of(of) 3-D(3-D) printing(打印) technique(技术) to(to) produce(生产) a(a) small() thermoelectric generator(温差发电器) made(制成) out(out) of(of) the ink(墨水).(.)
The team(团队)'s('s) experiments(实验) showed(表明) that(that) the material(材料) gave(给出) record(记录) scores(分数) for(for) efficiency(效率) in(in) performance(性能),(,) which(which) is(is) measured(衡量) by(通过) the "(")Figure() of(of) Merit()"(") (ZT).((ZT).)
The breakthrough(突破) could(could) be(be) of(of) particular() benefit() to(to) industries(行业) where(where) high temperatures(高温) are(are) involved(涉及) in(in) the manufacturing process(制造过程).(.) One(一个) example(例子) is(is) steelmaking(炼钢),(,) which(which) generates(产生) vast(广阔) amounts(大量) of(of) heat(热量) and() requires(需要) immense(巨大) electrical power(电力).(.) Recycling(再循环) the heat(热量) into() power(电力) therefore(因此) has(has) the potential(可能) to(to) boost(提高) energy efficiency(能量效能) significantly(显着).(.) Tata(塔塔) Steel(钢铁) are(are) due to(由于) support(支持) a(a) Ph(博士) .(.) D.(D.) researcher(研究人员) on(on) the team(团队) to(to) explore(探索) the industrial application(工业应用) of(of) the technology(技术).(.)
The research(研究) team(团队) are(are) from(来自) SPECIFIC() Innovation(创新) and() Knowledge(知识) Centre(中心),(,) a(a) Swansea() University(大学)-()led(领导) project(项目) which(which) develops(开发) technologies(技术) for(for) reducing(减少) carbon() emissions(排放) and() demonstrates(展示) how(how) they(它们) can(can) be(be) applied(应用) to(to) buildings(建筑) and(and) industry(工业).(.)
Dr(博士) .(.) Matt(马特) Carnie(Carnie) of(of) Swansea(斯旺西) University(大学),(,) who(who) was(was) lead(首席) researcher(研究员) for(for) this(这项) work(工作),(,) said():(:)
"(")Turning() waste heat(废热) into() electrical power(电力) can(可以) boost(提高) energy efficiency(能量效能) significantly(显着),(,) cutting(切割) bills(账单) and() reducing(减少) carbon() emissions(排放).(.) Our(我们) findings(研究结果) show(表明) that(that) printed(印刷) thermoelectric materials(热电材料) using(使用) tin() selenide(硒化物) are(are) a(a) very(非常) promising() way(方法) forward().(.)
The device(设备) we(我们) developed(开发) is(is) the best(最佳)-()performing(执行) printed(印刷) thermoelectric material(热电材料) recorded(记录) to date(迄今为止),(,) with(with) the efficiency factor(效率因子) improved(提高了) by(by) over(over) 50%(50%) compared(相比) to(to) the previous() record(记录).(.) It(It) is(is) also() cheap(便宜) to(to) produce(生产) in(in) bulk() compared(相比) with(with) established(建立) manufacturing methods(生产方法).(.)
More(更多) work(工作) is(is) needed(需要),(,) but() already(已经) our(我们) work(工作) shows(表明) that(that) this(这种) technique(技术),(,) combining(结合) efficiency(效率) and() economy(经济性),(,) could(具有) be(be) very(非常) attractive(吸引力) to(to) energy-intensive industries(能量密集型工业)."(.")
The paper(论文) is(is) "3D("3D) printed(打印) SnSe(SnSe) Thermoelectric(热电) Generators(发电机) with(with) High(很高) Figure() of(of) Merit()",(",) published(发表) in(in) Advanced(先进) Energy(能量) Materials().(.)

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