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智科眼: 双语看懂新科研
The world(世界) is(is) inevitably(不可避免地) moving(移动) towards(走向) a(a) more() sustainable(可持续) lifestyle(生活方式).(.) Sustainability(可持续性) of(of) the environment(环境) requires(需要) changes(改变) in(in) the current(当前) way(方式) of(of) life(生活) and() introduction(引入) of(of) new(新的),(,) more() sustainable(可持续) solutions(解决方案) in(in) our(我们) everyday(日常) consumption(消费).(.)
The TalTech(TalTech) Power(电力) Electronics(电子) Research(研究) Group(小组) led(领导) by() Researcher()-()Professor(教授) Dmitri(Dmitri) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) has(has) been(been) working on(致力于) improvement(提高) of(of) the efficiency(效率) of(of) alternative(替代) energy(能源) generation(发电) units(机组) for(for) over(over) a(a) decade().(.) "In("In) the early(早期) years() of(of) the alternative(替代) energy(能源) deployment(部署),(,) it() was(was) outrageously(outrageously) expensive(昂贵) for(for) an(an) ordinary(普通) consumer(消费者),(,) but() the developments(发展) in(in) recent(近年) years(),(,) the triumph(胜利) of(of) materials(材料) technology(技术) and(以及) the efforts(努力) of(of) power(电力) electronics(电子) engineers(工程师) have(have) made(使) the price(价格) much more() affordable(实惠) for(for) the consumers(消费者),"(,") Professor(教授) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) says().(.)
The research(研究) group(小组) led(领导) by() Dmitri(Dmitri) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) is(is) focusing(专注于) on(on) the research(研究) on(on) solar(太阳能) photovoltaic(光伏发电) energy production(能量生成).(.) Under(Under) ideal conditions(理想条件),(,) any(任何) photovoltaic(光伏) system(系统) ((()solar power(太阳能) plant(电厂))()) would(would) supply(提供) consumers(消费者) with(with) electricity(电力) without(而不) any(任何) problems(问题).(.) Unfortunately(不幸),(,) at(at) our(我们) latitude(纬度) there(there) are() no(没有) ideal(理想) operating(运行) conditions(条件) for(for) PV(光伏) modules(组件).(.) The environmental(环境) and() natural factors(自然因素) that(that) affect(影响) the performance(性能) of(of) such(such) systems(系统) most(大多数) are(are) ((()apart() from(from) Nordic(北欧) sunlight(阳光))()) deposition(沉积) of(of) dirt(污垢) ((()snow(),(,) soil(土壤),(,) leaves(树叶))()) on(on) PV(PV) module(模块) surfaces(表面) and(以及) long() shadows(阴影) created() by() lower(较低) sun(太阳) angle(角度) affect(影响).(.)
"In("In) order(order) to(to) convert(转换) energy(能量),(,) which(which) comes(来自) from(from) the renewable energy sources(可再生能源),(,) into(into) electricity(电力) for(for) the consumers(消费者),(,) a(a) grid(电网) converter(转换器) must(必须) be(be) used(使用),(,) which(which) transforms(转换) the output(输出) of(of) the renewable energy source(可再生能源) into(into) a(a) current(电流) suitable(适合) for(for) home() appliances(家用电器).(.) In addition to(除了) a(a) converter(转换器),(,) a(a) special(特殊) devices(设备) called(称为) power(功率) optimizer(优化器) must(必须) be(be) used(使用) to(to) maximize(最大化) energy(能量) harvest() so(这样) that(that) it() would(would) not() be(be) influenced(影响) by(by) weather(天气) and() would(would) provide(提供) maximum(最大) benefit(利益) for(for) the consumer(消费者),"(,") Dmitri(Dmitri) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) explains(解释说).(.) The power(电力) electronics(电子) researchers(研究人员) of(of) Tallinn(塔林) University(大学) of(of) Technology(技术) have(have) taken(采取) a(一种) step(一步) further() to(to) solve(解决了) this(这个) problem(问题)()they(他们) have(have) developed(开发) a(a) hybrid(混合) technology(科技) optiverter() that(that) combines(结合了) the key(关键) advantages(优势) of(of) photovoltaic(光伏) power(电源) optimizers(优化器) and() grid(电网) converters(转换器).(.) It() is() a(一种) novel(新型) power(功率) semiconductor(半导体) converter(转换器) technology(技术) used(用于) in(in) the power(电力) systems(系统) of(of) small() and() medium()-()sized(大小) PV(光伏) installations(装置),(,) and() possibly(可能) for(for) building(建造) integrated(集成) PV.(PV.)
The first(第一个) prototype(原型) of(of) the optiverter(optiverter) was(was) created(创建) in(in) 2016.(2016.) After(经过) three() years() of(of) comprehensive(全面) R&D(R&D) activities(活动) the research(研究) group(小组) is(is) planning(计划),(,) in(in) cooperation(合作) with(with) the Estonian(爱沙尼亚) company(公司) Ubik(Ü) Solutions(溶液) OÜ,(OÜ,) to(to) start(开始) mass(批量) production(生产) of(of) optiverters(optiverters) which(which) are(are) indispensable(不可或缺) in(in) residential(住宅) solar(太阳能) PV(光伏) systems(系统中).(.)
"(")Thanks(益于) to(to) the patented(专利) multimode(多模) control(控制),(,) the input voltage(输入电压) range(范围) is(is) up(up) to(to) three() times() wider(更广泛) compared(相比) to(to) commercial(商业) competitors(竞争对手).(.) Like(一样) the power(功率) optimizers(优化器) of(of) PV(PV) modules(模块),(,) the optiverter(optiverter) ensures(确保) maximum(最大) energy(能量) harvest(收获) even(即使) if(如果) a(a) PV(PV) module(模块) is(is) under(under) heavy(重型) or() opaque(不透明) shade(阴影),(,) which(which) usually(通常) blocks(阻碍) energy(能量) production(产生) with(with) conventional(传统) PV(PV) microinverters(microinverters).(.) This() is() an(一个) advantage(优势) that(that) distinguishes(区别) it() from(from) the current(现有) technology(技术) available(可用) on(on) the market(市场),"(,") Professor(教授) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) says().(.)
The scientists(科学家) estimate(估计) the lifespan(使用寿命) of(of) the optiverter() to(to) be(be) approximately() 25(25) years() ((()the same(相同) as(as) the lifespan(使用寿命) of(of) a(a) top(高档)-()grade(分级) solar(太阳能电池) panel()).().) The optiverter(optiverter) has(具有) invaluable(宝贵) benefits(优势) compared(相比) to(to) our(我们) current(目前),(,) fossil fuel(化石燃料) based(基于) energy(能源) production(生产).(.) In(In) the long(长远) term(),(,) the pptiverter(plyingrter) technology(技术) is(is) not only(不仅) environmentally(环保) friendly(友好) but also(而且) sustainable(可持续).(.)
"It("It) is() obvious(明显) that(that) renewable(可再生) energy(能源),(,) be(be) it() wind energy(风能),(,) biofuel(生物燃料),(,) natural gas(天然气) or(or) solar energy(太阳能),(,) is() the future(未来),"(,") Professor(教授) Vinnikov(Vinnikov) says().(.) "(")Even(即使) if(如果) there() weren()'t('t) increasingly(越来越) stringent(严格) EU(欧盟) requirements(要求) ((()applied(适用) to(to) fuel prices(燃料价格) of(of) motor(汽车) vehicles(车辆),(,) but() also() for instance(例如) to(to) construction(工程) work(工作) and() energy(能源) production(生产),(,) etc().)(.)) to(to) be(be) complied(符合) with(with),(,) life(生活) itself(本身) would() force(迫使) us(我们) to(to) use(使用) more() sustainable(可持续) alternative(替代) technologies(技术).(.) All(所有) this() makes(使得) the current(当前),(,) conventional(传统) energy(能源) production(生产) increasingly(越来越) costly(),(,) while() the PV(光伏) systems(系统) are(are) experiencing(经历了) incredible(难以置信) cost(成本) reduction(降低) for(for) the last(过去) five() years(年中)."(.")

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