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智科眼: 双语看懂新科研
首页 中国TOP论文 Nature Science JACS AngewChem PRL AdvMater Lancet Cell EnglMed JAMA
Sensitivity of the Egg Parasitoid Trissolcus japonicus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) to Field and Laboratory-Applied Insecticide Residue.
灵敏度 of 蛋寄生蜂Trissolcus japonicus(膜翅目:Scelionidae) to 领域和实验室应用的杀虫剂残留物。
Lowenstein David M , Andrews Heather , Mugica Anthony , Wiman Nik G
  • J. Econ. Entomol. vol:0 issue:0 (2019) [全文下载] 扫码分享
  • 影响因子: 1.9 点击(25) 收藏(0) 评分(0)
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  • 预计北美洲Trissolcus japonicus(Ashmead,1904)种群的传播会增加Halyomorpha halys(Stål; Hemiptera:Pentatomidae)的生物控制,这是一种棕色的腥臭虫。在农业方面,如果生物控制可以整合到具有杀虫剂应用的环境中,那么生物控制将会成功。我们研究了T. japonicus与九种常用和有机杀虫剂的兼容性,这些杀虫剂通常用于多年生作物的综合虫害管理。通过评估田间和实验室试验的死亡率和寿命,我们确定当暴露于新烟碱类和拟除虫菊酯残留物时,T。japonicus的表现很差。多杀菌素导致日本对虾的死亡率最高,实验室为100%,田间试验为97%。邻氨基苯甲酰胺,氯虫苯甲酰胺具有最低的致死率,与未处理的对照相比没有差异。 Trissolcus japonicus在榛子果园中的杀虫剂应用中存活,并且在与邻氨基苯甲酰胺,氯虫苯甲酰胺和cyantraniliprole,生物农药Chromobacterium和未处理的对照物接触后,超过50%的黄蜂仍然存活。我们的研究结果表明,在与广谱杀虫剂应用相吻合的环境中,日本对虾不太可能存活并寄生H. halys。未来的T. japonicus再分布可以在用邻氨基苯甲酰胺和色杆菌处理的果园中继续进行。由于H. halys是景观级害虫,如果T. japonicus在农业和城市遗址附近的未喷洒区域释放,果园也可能受益于生物控制。
  • The spread of adventive Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead, 1904) populations in North America is anticipated to increase biological control of Halyomorpha halys (Stål; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), the brown marmorated stink bug. In an agricultural context, biological control will succeed if it can be integrated in an environment with insecticide applications. We investigated T. japonicus compatibility with nine conventional and organic insecticides commonly used in integrated pest management in perennial crops. Through evaluating mortality and longevity in field and laboratory trials, we determined that T. japonicus fares poorly when exposed to residues of neonicotinoids and pyrethroids. Spinosad resulted in the highest percentage of T. japonicus mortality, 100% in the laboratory and 97% in a field trial. The anthranilic diamide, chlorantraniliprole, had the lowest lethality, with no differences compared to an untreated control. Trissolcus japonicus survived insecticide applications in hazelnut orchards, and over 50% of wasps remained alive after contact with the anthranilic diamides, chlorantraniliprole and cyantraniliprole, the biopesticide Chromobacterium, and an untreated control. Our results indicate that T. japonicus is unlikely to survive and parasitize H. halys in settings that coincide with broad-spectrum insecticide application. Future T. japonicus redistributions could continue in orchards treated with anthranilic diamides and Chromobacterium. As H. halys is a landscape-level pest, orchards may also benefit from biological control if T. japonicus are released in unsprayed areas adjacent to agriculture and in urban sites.
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